The Top 7 Festivals of Assam, the northeastern gem of India, is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, diverse wildlife, and unique cultural traditions. One of the most captivating aspects of Assam's cultural tapestry is its colorful array of festivals. These festivals exemplify the spirit of unity, joy, and devotion that resonate among the people of Assam. Among the plethora of celebrations, the top 7 festivals of Assam that deserve special mention are the Bihu Festival, Durga Puja, Ambubachi Mela, Baishagu Festival, Magh Bihu, Ali-Aye-Ligang, and Jonbeel Mela.
The Bihu Festival of Assam is undeniably the heartbeat of Assam from the Top 7 Festivals and remains the most famous festival in the region. The Bihu Festival is not just one but a trio of festivals - Rongali Bihu (spring), Bhogali Bihu (harvest), and Kongali Bihu (autumn). Each Bihu is celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm by people of all ages and communities. The vibrant dance forms like Bihu, Husori, and Bhortal add splendor to the festivities. The rhythmic beats of the dhol, pepa, and gonna resonate in the air, transcending boundaries and uniting hearts.
Durga Puja, also known as Durgotsav, is another significant festival celebrated in Assam with immense devotion and grandeur. This festival honors the goddess Durga and commemorates her triumph over the demon Mahishasura. The festivities extend over several days, during which beautifully crafted idols of the goddess are worshipped in elaborately decorated pandals. The grandeur of Durga Puja unites people from all walks of life, transcending religious affiliations.
The Ambubachi Mela is a truly unique festival celebrated at the Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam. This festival is dedicated to the goddess Kamakhya, and it is believed that during this time, the goddess undergoes her annual menstrual cycle. The temple remains closed for three days, and devotees from across the country gather to seek blessings and participate in the rituals. The Ambubachi Mela highlights the ancient reverence and celebration of female divinity in Assam.
The Baishagu Festival is a colorful celebration of the Bodo community in Assam, marking the arrival of spring. It is a time of exuberant dancing, singing, and merrymaking. The traditional Bagurumba dance, performed by Bodo women adorned in their vibrant ethnic attire, adds to the festive spirit. Baishagu showcases the rich cultural heritage of the Bodo tribe and promotes communal harmony among different ethnic groups.
Magh Bihu, also known as Bhogali Bihu, is the harvest festival of Assam, celebrated in January. It marks the end of the harvesting season, and people rejoice with feasts and bonfires called Meji. Traditional delicacies like pithas and laru are prepared and shared among family and friends. Magh Bihu symbolizes the agrarian roots of Assam and emphasizes the significance of a bountiful harvest.
The Ali-Aye-Ligang festival is a captivating agricultural celebration observed by the Mishing tribe in Assam. It marks the beginning of the sowing season, and the Mishing community seeks blessings for a prosperous harvest. The festival is characterized by folk songs, dance performances, and various sporting events. Ali-Aye-Ligang showcases the Mishing tribe's profound connection with nature and agriculture.
Jonbeel Mela is a distinctive tribal fair held at Jonbeel, a vast natural waterbody in Morigaon district, Assam. This fair brings together people from different ethnic communities who participate in cultural events, trade, and social interactions. Jonbeel Mela exemplifies the spirit of unity and brotherhood among various tribes in the region.
The top 7 festivals of Assam exemplify the rich cultural heritage, diversity, and unity of the people of this enchanting northeastern state. These festivals not only hold immense cultural and religious significance but also serve as a reminder of the deep-rooted traditions that have been passed down through generations. Each festival reflects the unique identity of Assam, creating a kaleidoscope of colors, dances, and rituals that leave a lasting impression on anyone fortunate enough to experience them. As Assam continues to embrace modernity, its festivals remain an invaluable thread that binds its people together, fostering harmony and celebrating life's myriad blessings.
Bihu is the most famous festival in Assam and is celebrated three times a year in three different forms: Bohag Bihu, Magh Bihu, and Kati Bihu.
The Bihus are the national festivals of Assam. There are three such festivals in Assam: in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati (Kartik, the middle of October).
Everywhere in the nation celebrates these festivals. The most celebrated religious holidays in our country are Guru Nanak Jayanti, Holi, Diwali, Eid-Ul-Fitr, and Dussehra. Diwali and Dussehra are regarded as India's two most important religious holidays.
The Seven Days. Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu festival continues for seven days and is called Haat Bihu. The seven days are known as Chot Bihu, Goru Bihu, Manuh Bihu, Kutum Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Mela Bihu, and Chera Bihu. Goru Bihu: The goru bihu or cattle worship rites are observed on the last day of the year.
The Bihu festival is the first thing that comes to mind when we speak of Assamese culture. This colorful festival is celebrated thrice a year, each having its own significance in agriculture.
The major festivals celebrated in Assam are Bihu, Baishagu, Ali-Ai-Ligang, Baikho, Rongker, Rajini Gabra Harni Gabra, Bohaggiyo Bishu, Ambubashi Mela and Jonbill Mela and so on.